Currently, there are an increasing numbers of medical studies that have found weight loss surgery to have major health benefits. Specifically, patients with a BMI over 30 who also have type 2 diabetes, will often experience a complete resolution of their diabetes and obesity.
Even before all the weight loss has been realized from surgery, patients are usually off all of their insulin or oral diabetic medications. In fact, many patients experienced enough change within just fifteen days after undergoing weight loss surgery for diabetes to completely come off their diabetes medications.
One study followed 60 patients, of whom, a third received the roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, another third received biliopancreatic diversion surgery, and the final third pursued traditional diabetic medication and lifestyle modifications. Two years after surgery the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass group saw 75% of patients with their type 2 diabetes in remission. Those who got the biliopancreatic diversion surgery had even better results with 95% in remission. These changes were not seen in the traditional medication and lifestyle modifications group.
The Cleveland Clinic completed this same study on a larger scale and still came to the same conclusions: Weight loss surgery can be more effective in treating type 2 diabetes. Certain factors, however, have been found to increase a patient's likelihood of remission.
- Insulin Use Patients who were not using insulin as a part of their diabetes treatment were more likely to go into remission.
- Diabetes Developed Under 10 Years Ago It was found that patients who developed type 2 diabetes less than ten years ago and received a modified weight loss surgery, such as a gastric sleeve, were more likely to go into remission.
While diabetes is a manageable medical condition, it still comes with a large set of complications. Over many years diabetes may cause vision problems, even leading to light sensitivity or blindness. Problems with the kidneys, nerves, heart, blood vessels, and other areas of the body may develop as well. Diabetes also hurts your immune system, lowering your chances of being able to fight off infection.
If you are a type 2 diabetic patient and moderately to severely obese, then you are likely a good candidate for bariatric surgery for diabetes. In fact, the American Diabetes Association recommends patients with obesity and type II diabetes speak with your doctor about your the possibility of surgery. Bariatric surgery, in hopes of putting your diabetes into remission, may be a good option for you.
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